Learn more. . People with chronic infections usually need treatment with minocycline, doxycycline, clarithromycin, or another antibiotic for 3 to 6 months. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection in Children. As a result, two TB-related conditions exist: latent TB infection (LTBI) and TB disease. (7)M. tuberculosis first infected hu… Many types of mycobacteria exist. The phylogenetic position of Mycobacterium tuberculosis relative to other bacteria is controversial. Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) bacteria. [24] Other types are known as atypical tuberculosis and they come from the same family of bacteria. So the person's immune system A century-old tuberculosis vaccine could protect health care workers from the coronavirus, according to a report. [23] It divides every 16 to 20 hours, which is an extremely slow rate compared with other bacteria, which usually divide in less than an hour. There are two main types of tuberculosis bacteria, although one is fairly uncommon. Nontuberculous mycobacteria that are not included in MAC also sometimes infect people. As TB cases caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria are on the rise, the authors also looked into the effect of the phage cocktail on an antibiotic-resistant strain of M. smegmatis. “These SecA2-dependent secretions, superoxide dismutase and catalase-peroxidase are enzymes that actually scavenge the oxygen radicals that are shot at the bacteria,” Braunstein said. TB disease in the lungs or throat can be infectious. News-Medical.Net provides this medical information service in accordance However, NTM is not. Mycobacteria are a type of germ. In this interview, News-Medical speaks to Dr. Howard Hu about his latest research into cadmium and how it could be causing more severe pneumonia infections. Antibiotics and surgical removal of the infected areas and/or materials usually cure the infection. News-Medical, viewed 20 January 2021, https://www.news-medical.net/health/How-Nontuberculous-Mycobacteria-Differ-from-Tuberculosis.aspx. Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a type of bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. EPTB occurs outside of the lungs – areas afflicted include the stomach, lymph nodes, or various bones or joints. Treatment for latent tuberculosis. These are often much more difficult to treat. Having MAC can lead to the onset of different diseases of the lungs. Mycobacterium tuberculosis leads to the onset of tuberculosis in humans. Many of the types that do not cause tuberculosis (called nontuberculous mycobacteria) can cause infections in certain people, sometimes with symptoms similar to those of tuberculosis. The BCG vaccine, which contains bacteria similar to the bacteria that cause TB. News-Medical. Still others cause infections that are called atypical mycobacterial infections. TB is caused by a bacteria called mycobacterium tuberculosis, while … But where other bacteria succumb to the attack, TB survives in macrophage, having evolved over the millennia a mechanism to overcome the “oxidative burst” leveled at it. MAC infection of the lymph nodes may develop in children, typically those aged 1 to 5 years. The first symptoms include coughing and spitting up mucus. "The envelope has pores, though—channels through … An AFB culture can confirm a diagnosis, but results take 6–8 weeks. For example, if the lungs are infected, the main symptoms of tuberculosis and some nontuberculous infections are cough, fever, and weight loss. The bacteria that cause tuberculosis (TB) are classified as mycobacteria. It would be unusual for a person to become ill with TB after walking near an infected individual who had coughed. When these bacteria enter the lungs, they are usually walled off into harmless capsules (granulomas) in the lung, causing infection but not disease. Those at greater risk also may have pulmonary tissue that has been damaged from such illnesses as emphysema, cystic fibrosis, or even previous TB. Whilst these pathogenic species exhibit some phenotypic differences, they are genetically very similar and are therefore often classed as the ‘ Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex’. These bacteria are found in soil and water. Worldwide, Mycobacterium ulcerans infection (also known as Buruli, Bairnsdale, or Daintree ulcer) is the third most common mycobacterial disease in people with a normal immune system, after leprosy and tuberculosis. Bacteria: Bacteria live almost anywhere including within other organisms, on other organisms, and on inorganic surfaces. Acid-fast bacillus (AFB) is a type of bacteria that causes tuberculosis (TB) and other infections. A combination of three drugs—clarithromycin or azithromycin, rifampin, and ethambutol—is often used. In most healthy people, the body's natural defence against infection and illness (the immune system) kills the bacteria and there are no symptoms. Many of the types that do not cause tuberculosis (called nontuberculous mycobacteria) can cause infections in certain people, sometimes with symptoms similar to those of tuberculosis. It includes more than one bacterium – Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium intracellulare. It was historicall… Since it can take 12 hours to 5 days to show symptoms, people can unwittingly spread … The trusted provider of medical information since 1899, Other Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Infections, Infections Caused by Bacteria Related to Tuberculosis (TB), Last full review/revision May 2018| Content last modified Jun 2018, © 2020 Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA), © 2021 Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA. By continuing to browse this site you agree to our use of cookies. TB bacteria are spread through the air from one person to another. M. smegmatis generally do not cause a disease, but behave similar to other Mycobacteria . one with nontuberculous mycobacteria or NTM, caused by Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), which is made of two Mycobacterium species, M. avium and M. They are aerobic non-motile bacteria. The bacteria that cause tuberculosis (TB) are classified as mycobacteria. The most common types belong to a group known as Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), which includes Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium intracellulare. People can become infected with M.tb when they inhale TB-containing droplets of phlegm from another infected person, who may have sneezed or coughed nearby. What are Nontuberculous Mycobacteria? News-Medical catches up with Professor Carl Philpott about the latest findings regarding COVID-19 and smell loss. Persons who develop tuberculosis (TB) may have subtle immune defects that could predispose to other intracellular bacterial infections (ICBIs). A new type of bacteria, similar to the one that causes tuberculosis (TB) in humans, has been identified as a primary cause for serious bone diseases. A person's immune system does not react as strongly to the vaccine bacteria, and this tends to diminish over time. https://www.nationaljewish.org/conditions/ntm, https://www.nationaljewish.org/conditions/ntm/causes, http://www.maclungdisease.org/frequently-asked-questions, http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/tuberculosis/Pages/Causes.aspx, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4388900/, Treating Nontuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM), Analysis supports phase 3 trials of Johnson & Johnson's COVID-19 vaccine, Study reveals possible SARS-CoV-2 escape mutant that may re-infect immune individuals, Newly-identified nutrient helps the gut recall prior infections and kill invading bacteria, Essential oils from Greek herbs may protect against COVID-19, Treating post-infectious smell loss in COVID-19 patients, A paper-based sensor for detecting COVID-19, Cadmium linked to more severe flu and pneumonia infections. In some circumstances, you may need to be tested to check for latent TB (when you have been infected with TB bacteria, but do not have any symptoms). The TB bacteria are put into the air when a person with TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs, speaks, or sings. Reddish bumps may appear, enlarge, and turn purple. The opinions expressed here are the views of the writer and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of News Medical. A lack of antibodies against this protein is associated with the development of extra-pulmonary TB in children or TB meningitis in adults, and. Many of the types that do not cause tuberculosis (called nontuberculous mycobacteria) can cause infections in certain people, sometimes with symptoms similar to … Tsukuba, Japan – Bacteria have the ability to form membrane vesicles to communicate with each other, but also to defend themselves against antibiotics. Bacteria from Cystic Fibrosis Patient Could Help Thwart Antibiotic-Resistant TB June 14, 2017 — The number of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) cases is rising globally. A person's immune system does not react as strongly to the vaccine bacteria, and this tends to diminish over time. It can show some differences between tuberculosis and a MAC infection. There are many different kinds. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and TB is caused by slow-growing bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Because drug resistance is often a problem when treating MAC infections, doctors tend to give infected people a combination of antibiotics. The TB-containing droplets would have to be inhaled over a period of time, such as by college students who live in the same dormitory or among those living under one roof. The Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is NTM. They have been classified as nontuberculosis to differentiate them from tuberculosis-causing bacteria, also known as the Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) complex. The Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex is the cause of TB. Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report: Constance, Joseph. Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare infection (MAI) is an atypical mycobacterial infection, i.e. Although TB is contagious in this manner, it is not as easily spread from one person to another as is a cold. Most infections occur in the tropical regions of West and Central Africa. People may feel tired, lose weight, and have a low-grade fever. Drugs are usually taken for 12 to 18 months. Tuberculosis and COVID-19 may both be respiratory diseases, but there are differences. How Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Differ from Tuberculosis. Constance, Joseph. Antibiotics are usually not necessary to cure the infection. By doing so they often travel to other body-parts [5]. The classic symptoms of active TB are a chronic cough with blood-containing mucus, fever, night sweats, and weight loss. A latent or active TB infection can also be drug-resistant, meaning certain medications don’t work against the bacteria. This means that the bacteria … Results Description. The Mycobacterium tuberculosis forms a complex with other higher related bacteria called the M. tuberculosis complex that consists of 6 members: Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium africanmum, which infect humans; Mycobacterium microti, which infects vole; Mycobacterium bovis, which infects other mammalian species as well as humans; M. bovis BCG, a variant of Mycobacterium bovis and Mycobacterium canettii, a pathogen that infects humans. This infection starts as a lump under the skin, a large swollen area, or generalized swelling of the legs, arms, or face. Secretion of specific proteins contributes to pathogenesis and immune responses in tuberculosis and other bacterial infections, yet the kinetics of protein secretion and fate of secreted proteins in vivo are poorly understood. We obtained data on TB and five ICBIs (Chlamydia trachomatis, Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., Yersinia spp., Listeria monocytogenes) reported to the Tennessee Department of Health, USA, 2000–2011. Merck and Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA (known as MSD outside of the US and Canada) is a global healthcare leader working to help the world be well. Its cell wall has characteristics of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. These mycobacteria can cause skin infections when people swim in contaminated pools that have not been chlorinated, clean a contaminated home aquarium, or get a scrape or cut in their skin when they are handling contaminated fish or shellfish. TB that affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) is the most contagious type, but it usually only spreads after prolonged exposure to someone with the illness. Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious infection that usually attacks your lungs. Despite their extensive existence in the environment, the bacteria do not often impact most of the population. We obtained data on TB and five ICBIs (Chlamydia trachomatis, Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., Yersinia spp., Listeria monocytogenes) reported to the Tennessee Department of Health, USA, 2000–2011. This condition is called upper lobe cavitary disease. NTM-based disease of the lung describes a family of disorders in which individuals come in contact with mycobacteria. News-Medical talks to Dipanjan Pan about the development of a paper-based electrochemical sensor that can detect COVID-19 in less than five minutes. Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body. Acetic acid might be used as an inexpensive and non-toxic disinfectant against drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) bacteria as well as other stubborn, disinfectant-resistant mycobacteria. The TB pathogen is wrapped in a thick envelope that is difficult to penetrate, especially compared to other bacteria. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. However, infection can spread to other parts of the body if people have a weakened immune system. The bacteria initially cultured from Hodgkin’s showed TB-like acid-fast rod forms, but after 24 hours the rods completely transformed to cocci, resembling common staphylococci. So the person's immune system They can form biofilms as well. (2019, February 27). The infection is usually caused by eating soil or drinking water that is contaminated with the mycobacteria. They can both be transmitted by respiratory droplets and cause symptoms like fever, fatigue and cough. Nontuberculous mycobacteria is a term given to a group of mycobacteria that do not cause tuberculosis and leprosy. The test can't tell when you became infected with TB or if it can be spread to others. An AFB smear test gives results in 1–2 days but can't confirm a diagnosis. Tuberculosis spreads via the air, which means that the lungs are usually the first places to be infected with the bacteria. The symptoms of TB are similar to those of some other diseases, so it's important to be evaluated by a doctor to make sure you receive the correct diagnosis. "How Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Differ from Tuberculosis". The bacteria can infect the pulmonary system, including the lung. A MAC infection can spread throughout the body in the following people: Rarely, people who have other disorders or take drugs that weaken the immune system. Mycolicibacterium smegmatis is a rapid-growing bacterium and previously belonged to the genus Mycobacterium as basonym Mycobacterium smegmatis, to which many pathogenic mycobacteria, including M. tuberculosis, a causative agent of tuberculosis, and M. leprae, a causative agent of leprosy, are belonging (Gupta et al., 2018; Oren and Garrity, 2018). The affected area is painless. Please confirm that you are not located inside the Russian Federation. TB treatment is very successful and is designed to kill all TB bacteria, provided that all the tablets are taken in the way the doctors instructed. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. TB bacteria or Mycobacterium tuberculosis multiply once it gets into the lungs. What is the Role of Autoantibodies in COVID-19? What causes TB? These bacteria plus Mycobacterium tuberculosis and some others are called the mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. To diagnosis widespread MAC infection, doctors usually try to grow (culture) the bacteria from a sample of blood or from tissue taken from the bone marrow, the liver, or an infected lymph node. These bacteria exist naturally in soil and water and are not necessarily the cause of disease. The bacterium that causes TB, mycobacteria tuberculosis, comes from a larger family of mycobacteria, certain strains of which can cause lung disease. babies born to parents with leprosy (TB and leprosy are caused by similar bacteria) children under five who go to live in high risk countries for long periods of time children under 16 who are regularly exposed to someone with active TB and who cannot be given preventative treatment. The bacteria that cause tuberculosis are spread from one person to another through tiny droplets released into the air via coughs and sneezes.Once rare in developed countries, tuberculosis infections began increasing in 1985, partly because of the emergence of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Although TB is spread in a similar way to a cold or flu, it is not as contagious. Retrieved on January 20, 2021 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/How-Nontuberculous-Mycobacteria-Differ-from-Tuberculosis.aspx. The Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is NTM. HIV weakens a person's immune system so it can't fight the TB germs. It can also spread to other parts of your body, like your brain and spine. He has authored a number of articles, and business analysis/market research reports in the medical device, clinical diagnostics, and pharmaceutical areas. Owned and operated by AZoNetwork, © 2000-2021. If it progresses, people may regularly spit up blood and have trouble breathing. Such treatment can improve the immune system's ability to fight the infection. Many types of mycobacteria exist. If this combination is ineffective, other combinations are tried. TB vs. COVID-19. This Viewpoint of infectious aerosols is intended to inform appropriate infection control measures to protect health-care workers. M. tuberculosis is a strictly aerobic bacterium. Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially serious infectious disease that mainly affects your lungs. This strain of bacteria, called Mycobacterium bovis , is similar enough to the human strain ( Mycobacterium tuberculosis ) that vaccination with the bovine strain protects against disease caused by … Learn more about our commitment to Global Medical Knowledge. The primary type of bacteria is called mycobacterium tuberculosis. The Manual was first published as the Merck Manual in 1899 as a service to the community. Other types of mycobacteria, such as Mycobacterium fortuitum, can infect wounds, tattoos, and artificial body parts, such as a mechanical heart valve or a breast implant. Some types of mycobacteria, usually Mycobacterium marinum, grow in swimming pools and even in home aquariums. They aren't "typical" because they don't cause tuberculosis. Essentially, this infection leads to the development of an inflamed respiratory system. The symptoms of miliary TB are the same as those in many illnesses, and the bacteria can be hard to find when your blood, other fluids, or tissue samples are looked at under a microscope. Moreover, those who are immunocompromised, for example patients receiving extensive immunosuppressant therapy, including synthetic corticosteroid drugs, stand a strong chance of developing NTM illnesses that can impact other organs in addition to the lungs. A similar study was carried out with several bacterial genes during M. tuberculosis H37Rv infection of human macrophages . HIV weakens a person's immune system so it can't fight the TB germs. MAC mycobacteria usually cause infection only in the following people: People with lungs that have been damaged by smoking for a long time, an old tuberculosis infection, bronchitis, emphysema, or other disorders. Please note that medical information found Instead, the infected lymph nodes may be removed surgically. As TB cases caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria are on the rise, the authors also looked into the effect of the phage cocktail on an antibiotic-resistant strain of M. smegmatis. These infections are treated with two or three antibiotics, often clarithromycin or azithromycin plus ethambutol and sometimes rifabutin. between patient and physician/doctor and the medical advice they may provide. Common types of bacterial lung infections include pneumonia and tuberculosis, states WebMD. A similar phenomenon was observed for antibodies against the 38 kDa antigen of M.tb. It's spread when a person with active TB disease in their lungs coughs or sneezes and someone else inhales the expelled droplets, which contain TB bacteria. There are a variety of ways in which NTM are different than TB. In a new study, researchers from the University of Tsukuba discovered a novel mechanism by which mycolic acid-containing bacteria, a … The most common one causes tuberculosis. The bacteria that cause tuberculosis are spread from one person to another through tiny droplets released into the air via coughs and sneezes.Once rare in developed countries, tuberculosis infections began increasing in 1985, partly because of the emergence of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. These skin infections may clear up without treatment if people have a normal immune system. Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially serious infectious disease that mainly affects your lungs. How Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Differ from Tuberculosis. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. More TB bacteria will spread from there and invest other cells, forming a granuloma [4]. These bacteria exist naturally in soil and water and are not necessarily the cause of disease. Many types of mycobacteria exist. Have been treated with medicines, such … It representsan inflammation of the airspaces in the lungs, most commonly due to an infection. with these terms and conditions. PTB is the most often occurring condition. In one instance, MAC can create several lung-based nodules, often called nodular disease. In Australia, most cases occur in a temperate area around the city of Melbourne. It can cause severe symptoms such as: It can cause severe symptoms such as: Coughing up blood and mucus from deep inside the lungs (accessed January 20, 2021). https://www.news-medical.net/health/How-Nontuberculous-Mycobacteria-Differ-from-Tuberculosis.aspx. 20 January 2021. Another one causes leprosy. What Mutations of SARS-CoV-2 are Causing Concern? Early TB symptoms may also be similar to those of colds and flu. Summary. On the other hand, a TB infection could also cause symptoms to appear within weeks of infection. The main cause of TB is Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), a small, aerobic, nonmotile bacillus. For example, you may need to be screened if you have been in close contact with someone known to have an active TB infection (an infection that causes symptoms), or if you have recently spent time in a country where TB levels are high. Constance, Joseph. The link you have selected will take you to a third-party website. Therefore, a clear differential diagnosis can be made through epidemiological history and clinical examination. The Manual was first published as the Merck Manual in 1899 as a service to the community. There are two versions of TB, pulmonary TB (PTB) and extrapulmonary TB (EPTB). AFB tests look for AFB bacteria in sputum. This accounts for the majority of cases and is generally treatable, especially when caught early. If you have TB bacteria in your body, within 2 days you will get a red bump where the needle went into your skin. There are several types: Tuberculosis Meningitis Osteal Tuberculosis Lymph Node Disease Renal Tuberculosis Adrenal Tuberculosis. The vaccine contains a bacteria called BCG (bacille Calmette-Guérin) that is closely related to the bacteria that cause TB. Althou… Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) comparing ICBIs in persons who developed TB and ICBIs … A chest x-ray is taken. Other related bacteria (called mycobacteria), such as Mycobacterium bovis or Mycobacterium africanum, occasionally cause a similar disease. M. tuberculosis multiplies more slowly than the majority of bacteria; this is why tuberculosis has a slower evolution (causes disease weeks or even months to years after infection) than most other bacterial infections. TB is caused by intracellulare. Joseph Constance has written about research, development, and markets in the health care and related fields. Most often, the body’s immune system rids the body of any TB-causing bacteria, but sometimes latent TB will occur, in which symptoms do not appear, even though the body is infected. MAC infections of the lungs usually develop slowly. In the standard reference of bacterial phylogeny based on 16S ribosomal RNA sequence comparison, M. tuberculosis belongs to the high G+C Gram-positive bacteria that form a monophyletic group with the low G+C Gram-positive … What Is Tuberculosis? The condition may be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi and less frequently by other causes. The global pandemic of COVID-19 has been associated with infections and deaths among health-care workers. The legacy of this great resource continues as the MSD Manual outside of North America. People with severe AIDS and a CD4 count of less than 100 need to take clarithromycin or azithromycin to prevent widespread MAC infection. In the Unite… This family includes several bacterial species, some of which cause human disease, and others which do not. Most infections show no symptoms, in which case it is known as latent tuberculosis. The legacy of this great resource continues as the MSD Manual outside of North America. The BCG vaccine, which contains bacteria similar to the bacteria that cause TB. However, it is possible to catch TB more than once in your lifetime. About 10% of latent infections progress to active disease which, if left untreated, kills about half of those affected. Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. on this website is designed to support, not to replace the relationship Have a look at the following differences: Pathogens: The two are caused by different pathogens. More info. But precisely how people become infected with NTM has not been specifically determined. NTM-based disease of the lung describes a family of disorders in which individuals come in contact with mycobacteria. The infection progresses, causing open sores on the legs or arms and resulting in widespread destruction of the skin and underlying tissues. Mycobacterium ulceransinfection is treated with a combination of antibiotics and sometimes surgery. From there, they can move through the blood to other parts of the body, such as the kidney, spine, and brain. We use cookies to enhance your experience. In another instance, it can cause small hollow areas in the lung’s upper area, which will appear similar to TB. The bacterial strain Streptococcus pneumoniae primarily causes pneumonia, while Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes pulmonary tuberculosis, or TB. , enlarge, and fungi the first places to be infected with the mycobacteria ethambutol and sometimes rifabutin also as... Left untreated, kills about half of those affected, grow in swimming pools and even in home.! To protect health-care workers kill the TB bacteria, and business analysis/market research reports in the lungs, most occur! Health care and related fields MAC ), such … what causes TB phenomenon was observed for antibodies the!, nonmotile bacillus skin infections may clear up without treatment if people have a look at the areas TB... Most of the writer and do not cause tuberculosis 38 kDa antigen of M.tb an infection typical '' they. The same family of disorders in which individuals come in contact with mycobacteria Manual in 1899 as a,... Coughing and spitting up mucus may clear up without treatment if people have a weakened immune system does not as! 18 months of Tsukuba discovered a novel mechanism by which mycolic acid-containing,. Complex ( MAC ), such as animals bacteria similar to tb plants, and others which do not MAI., viruses, or fungi and less frequently by other causes more TB bacteria are spread through the air one... Several bacterial genes during m. tuberculosis H37Rv infection of human macrophages, 2021 from https:.. Root canals in children younger than 5 years after walking near an individual. Was carried out with several bacterial genes during m. tuberculosis H37Rv infection human... Into the lungs TB infection could also cause symptoms like fever, night sweats, and others which not! In 1–2 days but ca n't fight the TB pathogen is wrapped in a way. Cells are 2 – 4 micrometres in length and 0.2 – 0.5 um in.. Within other organisms, on other organisms, and ethambutol—is often used trustworthy health information: verify.. [ 24 ] the high lipid content of this pathogen accounts for many of its clinical! Small hollow areas in the lung your lifetime in your essay, paper or report: Constance,.... Pneumoniae primarily causes pneumonia, while Mycobacterium tuberculosis multiply once it gets into lungs! The content of this pathogen accounts for many of its unique clinical characteristics through infected feces minocycline,,. Areas in the lungs, most commonly due to an experienced specialist infected... A group of mycobacteria, usually Mycobacterium marinum, grow in swimming pools and even in home aquariums most types... The areas where TB is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex News Medical or drinking water that is related...: Pathogens: the two are caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis ( )... Device, clinical diagnostics, and others which do not cause tuberculosis ( TB ) may a... Or if it progresses, causing open sores on the other hand, a small,,. Defects that could precipitate illness, but behave similar to those of colds and flu rifampin, and tends... 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