Where can I find more information about rabies? Rabies is a deadly disease caused by a virus that attacks the central nervous system. A case of rabies has been confirmed in a pet cat in Michigan. %���� Michigan law requires that dogs and ferrets must be vaccinated for rabies and it is recommended that all cats and any domestic livestock in contact with the public be vaccinated if a licensed vaccine exists. When misguided residents buy into rabies hysteria with no supporting facts, animal control rounds up community cat colonies to alleviate concerns. As the disease progresses, the symptoms become more severe including insomnia, anxiety, confusion, slight or partial paralysis, excitation, hallucinations, agitation, increase in saliva, difficulty swallowing, and fear of water. Do not approach, handle, feed, or unintentionally attract wild animals with food, open garbage cans or litter. Nonbite exposures rarely cause rabies, but such exposures should be evaluated to determine if rabies treatment is necessary to prevent rabies infection. there is a licensed rabies vaccine . For clients whose animal has up-to-date rabies vaccinations Dogs, Cats, and Ferrets. Please note, all suspected exposures must be reported to MDOL immediately. Dogs, cats, and ferrets that are currently vaccinated with a USDA-licensed rabies vaccine should be revaccinated immediately, kept under the owner’s control, and observed for 45 days. How much is a rabies shot human? Rabies Post-exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) is highly effective in preventing rabies in people possibly exposed to a rabid animal, if administered before symptoms develop. Do not try to nurse unfamiliar sick animals to health. Counties are placed under a 60-day quarantine when rabies is confirmed in a terrestrial animal such as a dog, cat, skunk, etc. Available when owners show proof of a previous rabies vaccination. In people, the symptoms initially include fever, headache, and general weakness or discomfort. Animal bites should be reported to the local health department. Animals are not considered immunized for at least 28 days after the initial or primary vaccination is administered. How Can I Prevent Being Exposed to Rabies? This vaccine is valid for 3 years instead of the usual 1. Because brain tissue is required for this test, it can only be performed on animals that have died or been humanely killed. If your pet is bitten by a wild animal, seek veterinary assistance immediately. Rabies disease can be prevented however, with prompt treatment following possible exposure to the virus. 2 0 obj We have general guidelines, but your vet can help you determine the optimal rabies vaccination schedule. Samples of serum, cerebral spinal fluid, saliva, and skin are necessary. Minnesota, Kansas, and Ohio have no state law requiring pets to be vaccinated for rabies. For example, anyone bringing a dog or cat into Ohio must show proof of rabies vaccinations. In animals, rabies is diagnosed by looking for the virus in brain tissue using the direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) test. Teach children NEVER to handle unfamiliar animals, wild or domestic, even if they appear friendly. Rabies is a fatal disease that is transmissible to any warm-blooded animal, including humans. Rabies vaccinations are $15 per animal. Before 1960, rabies was a persistent problem among domestic animals, such as dogs, cats, and ferrets. Learn about rabies in bats and other animals, how to prevent rabies, and what to do if bitten or scratched by an animal. No anti-rabies prophylaxis is needed. It is important to quickly and accurately identify rabies in animals that may have exposed a person or a pet, in order to provide for the timely administration of post-exposure treatment. These symptoms may last for days. |���%���n?����毣Y�l����}���=���?���/��y�Jp�Y�S?Ȏ��ه?f>���f'�������(~ʎ���9�������5~ۭ�U5g��,���B�ȏd������� Cx����e� 78~ Q�Y�'��N�9��섥���3�a�:�����ZVHh|W�ũ���S�)"�F��M� �vC`d>;A纚���h�t�>����(������� tӓOz��~�:�*gsM�ѵ+��c?����Y�ԏ��,Ǚ�a�����X�QH� sv�H�a�W�o���w��u���~���C���1B$>p���G0I���W8��{R���ӳ�$~��~��A�͇ ��@봢�P89G���p?b��@ݞ��h$��]a���� ?=8�/om:oK��/ڂ[ȏ�����n=��k��O[�TƉ��3�极�9���������-���֪2c��q��n�ϵ]�6��yF�+� Tm[.�Q�臘5n� #O|P4I�a⥙�Q�$�G�w���{��B8�m)*����"�a)yvפo!ͣ�%�O#1���A҇��Yp�D��"0[��*n��Bt�i�G�;��nq��nq�\|KC�~&�g\~ø�b�a�-D�ݩ�?ߠ���~�e�ܡ FccSXl& �k�n�/�M��\l��'��+�z��H��>S��R��MQ�,E!4`/�&I��U�tXc�q�g�Ug= � Spay or neuter you pets to help reduce the number of unwanted animals that may not be properly cared for or regularly vaccinated. • MDNR’s position: “Feral cats can be freely hunted; hunter is responsible for determining if the cat is owned or wild” (Jason Abraham, MDNR, Furbearer Specialist) – “an unowned cat is undomesticated” • “Pet” an animal for which . The virus is present primarily in the saliva, brain tissue and spinal fluid of a rabid animal. … A Republican lawmaker, who also is a veterinarian, has introduced a bill that would require cats to be vaccinated against the disease. Keep vaccinations up-to-date for all dogs, cats, ferrets, horses, cattle, and sheep. Rabies virus is contained in the saliva or brain tissue of a rabid animal. What Pet Owners Need to Know About Rabies Vaccinations in New York State (Effective November 20, 2002, this information sheet must be provided by pet dealers to consumers upon point of sale of cats, d ogs, and ferrets.) Please note, all suspected exposures must be reported to MDOL immediately. The Rabies Exposure Assessment Tree can be used as a guide for suspected rabies exposure in dogs, cats and ferrets. Although the cost varies, a course of rabies immune globulin and four doses of vaccine given over a two-week period typically exceeds $3,000. Seek medical attention if bitten or scratched by a stray or wild animal. Many cats are also immunized against feline leukemia virus. For people who have never received rabies vaccinations in the past, treatment must include the administration of both rabies antibody (rabies immune globulin, or HRIG) and vaccine. In the U.S., all 50 states require vaccination for rabies. Rabies virus becomes noninfectious when it dries out or is exposed to sunlight. An animal control officer or a law enforcement officer of the state shall issue a citation, summons or appearance ticket for a violation of this act. Over time, symptoms that are more specific to brain dysfunction appear and may include difficulty sleeping, anxiety, confusion, hallucinations, agitation, partial paralysis, difficulty swallowing, and hydrophobia (fear of water). Cats, dogs and ferrets If you were bitten by a cat, dog, or ferret that appeared healthy at the time you were bitten, it can be confined by its owner for 10 days and observed. During the month of January, I will be writing about topics related to dog and cat vaccination. Under Indiana law, all dogs, cats and ferrets older than 3 months of age must be vaccinated against the rabies virus. How is rabies diagnosed in an animal or a person? Rabies is a deadly viral disease that infects the brain and spinal cord of mammals. Dog and Cat Vaccinations. {����������� �2hrOp���t@�(��-t�]�_���/�g�μ�?�Oߟ�} ��t~6�� ��"��8�i)��?��.z��v�ۭ��9��z�;��1�ďa4IBc�� Local animal control and law enforcement officials are responsible for enforcement of laws related to animal bites. In Michigan, rabies most commonly occurs in bats, therefore, prevent bats from entering living quarters or occupied spaces in homes, churches, schools, or other similar settings where they might come in contact with people and pets. stream Michigan law requires that dogs and ferrets be vaccinated for rabies; and it's advised for cats. If testing can be performed within a day or two of exposure, it may save a patient from unnecessary medical treatment and the associated financial burden, if the animal is not rabid. x��ْ��}���(�v9 d�J�vlW�Z{7�'�s�3Ҭ��L����Lw��Dp�}�j���h4�x�f����;�O�x��勛b��z�i����O��Ň��v��n׫����>��ȗ����޾�}9?� �e,�/�O��ަ8?����:? Though state law keeps dog owners on a relatively short leash, most Michigan cat owners have few legal obligations that they are required to meet. – The Michigan Department of Agriculture’s (MDA) State Veterinarian Dr. Steven Halstead today urged Michigan citizens to be pro-active and have their pets and livestock vaccinated against rabies and other diseases after confirmation that a horse in Lapeer County tested positive for rabies. Rabies vaccines are given between 16 and 26 weeks of age in most states (governed by law). What Pet Owners Need to Know About Rabies Vaccinations in New York State (Effective November 20, 2002, this information sheet must be provided by pet dealers to consumers upon point of sale of cats, d ogs, and ferrets.) 3 0 obj Cޤp3ǀyL�y8��uF�{YgdU��p�xi���FI�_`�p>�, �� u��Ƙ;0� G��Y23�t"�0P,[0l��Q�M6i�u��(Y/W���/��+0��C>��24��-Ƿ���ظƚ_��}d�I�%�#��;���z�A�˩xk�U����M�-0�B*r���~,^�=bm �����w�g���{�;�� ��L �k������^Ə2��P�J���1��w&[�Bt��)ݦBX`�mm�i�`�I����V�`��4.�j�V;,�R^P_. In Michigan, dogs and ferrets must be vaccinated for rabies. Ifanimal is NOT available, must proceed as if positive A dog or cat must be re-vaccinated at least every three years after receiving the second rabies shot. FVRCP Vaccination - $10 Some states, such as New Jersey, mandate rabies vaccinations for dogs but not for cats. Rendered Wednesday, December 30, 2020 Page 1 Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 249 of 2020 Legislative Council, State of Michigan Courtesy of www.legislature.mi.gov endobj In order for a dog or cat to be accepted at an animal hospital, veterinarian's office or boarding facility an owner or keeper of such animal shall show proof of current vaccination against rabies; provided however, that if a dog or cat has not been so vaccinated or such owner or keeper fails to show such proof the animal shall be vaccinated against rabies prior to being discharged if the animal's medical condition … All dogs and cats … Any penetration of the skin by teeth is a bite exposure. Rabies is required in most counties because it is a public health issue, but is a county by county law so you would need to check with your own county. This year, it is set for 2 to 4 p.m. April 25 at Woodhaven City Hall, 21869 Hall Road. What are the signs of rabies in a person? ... call your local law enforcement agency then notify the Health Division at 248-858-1286. Rabies vaccination of cats is important for your safety as well as your cats. The circumstances under which a bite happened are important and help to determine if rabies is a concern from the bite. Rabies vaccination of cats is important for your safety as well as your cats. Rabies vaccines are very effective and are usually given to kittens at three to four months of age. Out of all the rabies cases reported to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 90% involved wild mammals—especially bats, raccoons, and skunks. Strays may be unvaccinated and could be infected with rabies. Please contact local animal control or professional pest services for assistance in capturing a wild animal. Vaccinating pets prevents them from getting rabies and is one of the most effective ways in preventing rabies exposure in people. Rabies Confirmed In Michigan Cat: What To Know - Birmingham, MI - In 2019, rabies has been verified in four bats, eleven skunks, and one cat in Oakland County. Hawaii's dog and cat import law is designed to protect residents, visitors and pets from the potentially serious health problems associated with the introduction and spread of rabies. In Michigan, the most common wildlife species to contract rabies are bats, accounting for 67% to 100% of the rabies cases in the state during the period 1990 to 2006. Required by law for all cats 12 weeks old and older. For this reason, rabies infection in vaccinated dogs/cats, even among those having received a single dose, is exceptionally rare. The below flowcharts determine what action is taken when a human or domestic pet animal is exposed to potential Rabies. BIRMINGHAM, MI - Oakland County health officials are urging pet owners to make sure their cats and dogs have up-to-date rabies vaccinations after a … Unlike dogs, cats don’t have to be vaccinated against rabies, licensed or restrained in Michigan - leaving counties and cities on their own to decide how cats and their owners should be treated under the law. The State of Michigan has put in place a Protocol for the tracking and prevention of Rabies. endobj Do not keep wild animals or exotic animals as pets. Seek medical attention for any bite wound so that proper treatment can be initiated. Core vaccines for cats: Rabies – considered a core vaccine when required by law or wherever rabies is present; Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR) – herpes virus; Feline Panleukopenia (FP) – feline distemper; Feline Calicivirus (FCV) Noncore vaccines are given to certain cats based on factors such as lifestyle, environment and general health. Rabies vaccines are very effective and are usually given to kittens at three to four months of age. Rabies: vaccinations are recommended for cats 4 months or older. Dogs and cats also need to have their DHPP and FVRCP vaccines, respectively. The owner of every dog, cat, and ferret shall have the animal revaccinated 12 months after the initial vaccination. Although pets often receive multiple vaccines, there is only one disease for which vaccination is required by law: RABIES.. 4 0 obj Rabies is a highly contagious viral disease that is virtually always fatal in pets, and highly lethal among humans. State law requires rabies vaccinations (shots) for all cats… endobj If contact with either of these materials has occurred, the exposure should be evaluated by a healthcare provider to determine if treatment to prevent rabies is necessary. Keep vaccinations up-to-date for all dogs, cats, ferrets, horses, cattle, and sheep. [3] Livestock: Consideration should be … Bites by some animals, such as a bat, can be minor and difficult to detect. Sadly, rabies concerns are often brought up when a community is deciding on policies for cats, which often lead to the senseless deaths of countless healthy animals. Dogs and cats in Michigan are required by law to have their rabies vaccinations. Rabies 3 year - $20. Rabies is a fatal disease that is transmissible to any warm-blooded animal, including humans. You may also need to receive a tetanus booster if you have not been immunized in more than 10 years. A case of rabies has been confirmed in a pet cat in Michigan. No single test is sufficient. Like dogs and small children, cats who are let outdoors without supervision are vulnerable to the dangers of cars, other animals, cruel people, and diseases. Skunks and red foxes are the next most likely species to contract rabies and there have been 3 cases of the bat-strain rabies in raccoons (1986, 1989, and 1997). 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